Egyptian medical papyri This is the earliest surviving version of the Hippocratic Oath the 3rd-century Papyrus Oxyrhynchus Ebers Papyrus treatment for cancer: The Greek historian Herodotus visited Egypt around BC and wrote extensively of his observations of their medicinal practice. Pliny the Elder also wrote favourably of them in historical review. Hippocrates the “father of medicine” , Herophilos , Erasistratus and later Galen studied at the temple of Amenhotep , and acknowledged the contribution of ancient Egyptian medicine to Greek medicine. In , the translation of the Rosetta stone finally allowed the translation of ancient Egyptian hieroglyphic inscriptions and papyri, including many related to medical matters Egyptian medical papyri. The resultant interest in Egyptology in the 19th century led to the discovery of several sets of extensive ancient medical documents, including the Ebers papyrus , the Edwin Smith Papyrus , the Hearst Papyrus , the London Medical Papyrus and others dating back as far as BC. The Edwin Smith Papyrus is a textbook on surgery and details anatomical observations and the “examination, diagnosis, treatment, and prognosis” of numerous ailments. Medical information in it dates from as early as BC. Treatments consisted of ointments made from animal, vegetable or fruit substances or minerals.
These are external links and will open in a new window Close share panel Image caption Archaeological digs in Egypt reveal where the First Dynasty kings of Egypt are buried – but until now a timeline has been difficult to establish A new timeline for the origin of ancient Egypt has been established by scientists. A team from the UK found that the transformation from a land of disparate farmers into a state ruled by a king was more rapid than previously thought.
Using radiocarbon dating and computer models, they believe the civilisation’s first ruler – King Aha – came to power in about BC. The research is published in the Proceedings of the Royal Society A. It was a territorial state; a state from which the moment it formed had established borders over a territory in much the same way we think of nations today.
Authoritative and up-to-date, this key single-volume work is a thematic exploration of ancient Egyptian civilization and culture as it was expressed down the centuries.
International Financial Scams Last Updated: February 7, U. There are many different types of scams, but they all share a common goal: Citizens at Home or Abroad Romance Scam: Check this online dating scam infographic. A person contacts grandparents or other relatives pretending to be a grandchild, niece, nephew, or other family member who needs money right away. The scammer usually asks the person contacted to keep it a secret.
Culture and etiquette
The term Yule is of disputed origin. It is unconnected with any word meaning “wheel”. The name in Anglo-Saxon was geol, feast: Icelandic iol a feast in December. Early celebration Christmas was not among the earliest festivals of the Church.
Gossypium barbadense, also known as extra-long staple (ELS) cotton, is a species of cotton plant that has been cultivated to have ELS fibres – fibres longer than 34 millimetres (1 3 ⁄ 8 in) – which are associated with high quality cotton cloth.. The species is a tropical, frost-sensitive perennial that produces yellow flowers and has black seeds. It grows as a small, bushy tree and.
The tombs, located on the west bank of the river Nile in a cemetery for noblemen and top officials, are the latest discovery in the city famed for its temples and tombs spanning different dynasties of ancient Egyptian history. But it’s the first time to enter inside the two tombs. The ministry said one tomb has a courtyard lined with mud-brick and stone walls and contains a six-meter yard burial shaft leading to four side chambers.
The artifacts found inside were mostly fragments of wooden coffins. Wall inscriptions and paintings suggest it belongs to era between the reigns King Amenhotep II and King Thutmose IV, both pharaohs of the 18th dynasty. A picture taken on December 9, shows ancient Egyptian wooden funerary masks and small statuettes found in and retrieved from the newly discovered “Kampp ” tomb at Draa Abul Naga necropolis on the west Nile bank of the southern Egyptian city of Luxor, about kilometres miles south of the capital Cairo.
Among the artifacts found inside are funerary cones, painted wooden funerary masks, clay vessels, a collection of some statues and a mummy wrapped in linen who was likely of a top official. A cartouche carved on the ceiling bears the name of King Thutmose I of the early 18th dynasty.
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Follow arabnews Journey to the afterlife: Traditionally the embalming process involved sour vinegar and tea leaves but these days families usually inject a formaldehyde solution into the corpse. It may seem a ghoulish practice to some: Following the five-day ceremony, the octogenarian was placed in one of the many burial caves scattered around the mountainous region, where skeletal remains are arranged by social hierarchy.
They sit alongside wooden dolls in traditional clothing, representing deceased nobility, while some bodies are kept in coffins that hang from steep cliffs — owing to limited space. But it comes at a cost.
May 31, · DNA recovered from ancient Egyptian mummies is revealing the mosaic of cultures that came to dominate the region. German researchers gathered .
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Egyptian Singer Arrested for Eating a Banana in Music Video on ‘Debauchery’ Charges
Ophthalmology of the Pharaohs: Their eyelids were heavily smeared with black kohl eyeliner, thick lines rimming the eyes, and the fashion was sported by everyone from peasants to pharaohs to effigies of the worshiped gods Horus and Ra. Though it may seem nothing more than a cosmetic fancy nowadays, kohl was considered to have potent magical powers and it has since turned out to possess unique pharmaceutical and antimicrobial properties. In fact, this deceptively simple beauty product may actually be one of the most ancient ophthalmological preparations known to man.
A piece of limestone pottery shows a woman nursing her child while a servant holds up a mirror and a crayon of khol.
Art for Eternity Gallery specializes in Greek, Roman, Egyptian, Pre-Columbian, African, Oceanic, and Asian ancient and ethnographic art.; Our goal is to offer you rare objects that are not only ancient but of high artistic merit. To ensure quality and authenticity, we carefully check each piece with experts for dating a nd historical relevance.; We are proud of our competitive pricing for high.
This kind of sounds like a “catfish” situation. My hubby and I started talking on the phone regularly as friends a couple weeks after we started emailing. Neither of us had anything to hide so it never seemed like a big deal. Does this guy live near you at all? If not I’d let it go right now. Serious relationships really do require physical closeness. Long distance is for people with commitment issues.
If there is no way of meeting in person even just for coffee then you do not have a solid foundation. If he does live near you and would like to meet or if you find someone else you like , here are the rules of online dating: Coffee shops, restaurant, store. Any place where there are plenty of people close by. If you decide to leave there and go to another place, take your own vehicle.
If you do not have one then stay in the original meeting place.
Archaeologists Unearth 3,000-Year-Old Egyptian Artifacts In Israeli Cave
As when visiting most country, knowing basic etiquette will make your trip to Egypt more enjoyable and productive, whether you’re traveling for business or pleasure. Travelers should note that smoking is ubiquitous and that outside of hotels catering to Westerners, smoke-free areas are rare. Religious Beliefs Approximately 94 percent of Egyptians are Muslim, and Islam’s tenets guide Egyptian politics, economic activity and social life.
Coptic Christians comprise most of the remaining 6 percent of the population.
“Do You not know, Asclepius, that Egypt is an image of heaven, or, to speak more exactly, in Egypt all the operations of the powers which rule and work in heaven have been transferred to Earth below?” Asclepius III, 24b.
But in centuries past, mummies were put to a variety of inventive uses: According to historian Richard Sugg , “Up until the late 18th century, the human body was a widely accepted therapeutic agent. The most popular treatments involved flesh, bone, or blood, along with a variety of moss sometimes found on human skulls. The belief may have come from ancients such as Pliny the Elder, who wrote that the bitumen used to embalm mummies offered healing powers.
Why not take a page or a rag? According to Rogers , mummy unwrapping as a social event really got going in Britain starting in the s, thanks to a circus performer-turned-antiquities salesman named Giovanni Belzoni. Belzoni made a name for himself in Egypt-obsessed circles after arranging for the removal of several massive Egyptian artifacts on behalf of British consul to Egypt Henry Salt. In , he held a public mummy unwrapping as part of an exhibition of Egyptian antiquities near Piccadilly Circus.
The event proved an enormous success—over people attended on opening day alone. One member of the audience was London surgeon and scholar Thomas Pettigrew, who was so enamored of the spectacle he began holding his own public, ticketed unrollings, usually with an accompanying lecture. Not only were the mummies themselves fascinating if a bit pungent , their wrappings often contained valuable talismans and amulets lying in and around the body.
What Are the Customs & Beliefs of Egypt Today?
Egyptologists must make educated guesses about its earliest phases, based on written sources that appeared much later. Each day the sun rose and set, bringing light to the land and regulating human activity; each year the Nile flooded , renewing the fertility of the soil and allowing the highly productive farming that sustained Egyptian civilization. Thus the Egyptians saw water and the sun as symbols of life and thought of time as a series of natural cycles.
Provides a detailed overview of the holiday from the fourth century through the modern age. Includes links to related topics.
Content are Shu and Tefnut. Content are Geb and Nut. Content are Osiris and [Isis]. Content are Seth and Neith. Content are all the gods who are in the sky. Content are all the gods who are on Earth, who are in the flat-lands. Content are all the southern and northern gods. Content are all the western and eastern gods. Content are all the gods of the nomes.
Egypt: Archaeologists Discover 7,000-Year-Old City
English colonists established cotton in the West Indies as a commercial plantation crop tended by enslaved workers imported from West Africa. Other cotton planters came from Barbados, and what was called Sea Island Cotton was cultivated on the barrier islands South Carolina and Georgia, especially by the late 18th century. Sea Island cotton commanded the highest price of all the cottons, due to its long staple 1.
Although planters tried to grow it on the uplands of Georgia, the quality was inferior,  and it was too expensive to process. The invention of the cotton gin by the end of the 18th century utterly changed the production of cotton as a commodity crop.
Dentistry, the profession concerned with the prevention and treatment of oral disease, including diseases of the teeth and supporting structures and diseases of the soft tissues of the try also encompasses the treatment and correction of malformation of the jaws, misalignment of the teeth, and birth anomalies of the oral cavity such as cleft palate.
Cairo Travel Guide Cairo is the capital of Egypt and the largest city in Africa, with a name that means “the victorious city. Greater Cairo is spread across three of Egypt’s administrative governorates. The city is marked by the traditions and influences of the East and the West, both the ancient and the modern. Bracketed by the desert to the east, south, and west and bounded by the fertile Nile delta to the north, Cairo sits astride the river, though it spreads farther on the east bank than the west.
Cairo also includes several river islands, which play an important role in the life of the city. As the region’s principal commercial, administrative, and tourist center, Cairo contains many cultural institutions, business and corporate headquarters, governmental offices, universities, and hotels, which together create a busy stream of constant activity. The center of downtown Cairo is in Tahrir Square, which is located along the east bank. A hub of tourist activity, the vast and open square contains numerous attractions, including the Egyptian Museum, the Arab League headquarters, and the modern Umar Makram Mosque.
Cairo’s main thoroughfare, Corniche, extends from north to south along the east bank of the Nile. Located nearby is the narrow strip of land known as Garden City, one of the city’s newer residential areas. In the center of the city is the river island of Zamalek also called Jezerah, meaning “the island” , which contains an upscale residential and commercial neighborhood also known as Zamalek, the Cairo Opera House founded in , and the Cairo Tower